The researcher frequently searches for the sources to develop an idea or facts while writing an assignment, article, or book. Students frequently mistake a bibliography for a reference in this context, but they vary in that the sources you cite in your research report or assignment are cited in the bibliography. On the other side, you make a list of all the sources you used to develop the idea in the bibliography.
Any project under consideration should include a reference and bibliography since they help readers locate the original sources of information while also appreciating the contributions of others. In addition to avoiding plagiarism, it shows that the researcher has done a thorough study on the topic by reviewing a range of sources.
To learn the differences between a reference and a bibliography, read the article.
What is a Reference?
Giving credit to or mentioning the name of someone or something is what is meant by a reference. In terms of research methodology, it refers to the materials you have examined and drawn attention to during the course of your research. It is merely a method of acknowledging or indirectly expressing gratitude to the sources from which the information was collected.
One thing to keep in mind when utilizing references is to always use trustworthy sources because this lends credibility to your claims and also strengthens them. Books, research papers, or articles from magazines, journals, newspapers, etc., interview transcripts, online resources like websites, blogs, watched videos, and so forth may all are included in refrences.
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They are used to provide the reader with information about the sources where direct quotations, tables, statistics, images, etc. were taken from the research work..
Example of Reference
Alvarez, E., & Tippins, S. (2019). Socialization agents that Puerto Rican college students use to make financial decisions. Journal of Social Change, 11(1), 75–85. https://doi.org/10.5590/JOSC.2019.11.1.07
Laplante, J. P., & Nolin, C. (2014). Consultas and socially responsible investing in Guatemala: A case study examining Maya perspectives on the Indigenous right to free, prior, and informed consent. Society & Natural Resources, 27, 231–248. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2013.861554
What is a Bibliography?
The bibliography, which is included at the end of the research report and provides a list of the books, magazines, journals, websites, and other publications that the researcher studied while conducting the research and are in some way relevant to the subject under investigation. In more precise words, it consists of all the sources that are noted in the text as footnotes as well as additional significant books that the author has read.
The bibliography helps the reader in learning more about the literature that has been written on the subject and the sources that the researcher drew from. The bibliography can be divided into two sections for easier presentation and reading; the first section lists the titles of the books and pamphlets consulted, and the second section gives the titles of magazines and newspapers taken into consideration.
Example of Bibliography
Bibliography for Newspaper and Magazine Articles
Doe, John. “How Do You Measure a Year in the Life?” The Sun Times. 2 July 2010: 1-3.
“Review: Yu Xia and the Art of Scooter Maintenance.” Arts Review. 9 October 2004.
Bibliography Examples for Online Resources
Johnson, Mary Anne. “How to Bake the Perfect Souffle.” Food Network, Television Food Network, 20 February 2013, www.foodnetwork.com/article/perfect_souffle.
Types of Bibliography
Annotated Bibliography: To make the book more readable and useful, the researcher/ author provides a brief summary of the topics covered in this type of bibliography.
Bibliography of works cited: It lists the names of the books whose content has been referenced iin the text of the research report.
Selected Bibliography: As the name implies, a selected bibliography only includes works that the researcher believes the reader will find to be of the prime importance.
Difference Between Bibliography and Reference
The following factors make it easy to differentiate between references and bibliographies:
|Definition||to list every source that was used in the research work.||provides a list of the sources used in the research study.|
|Used In||Research work and Journal Papers||Dissertation and Thesis|
|Sources||Both Primary and Secondary Sources|
|Citations||In-text citations and other sources. Chicago citations & Oxford citations||In-text citations (APA, AMA, MLA) citations.|
|Argument||not used to support an argument.||used to support an argument.|
|Order||Numerical||Alphabetical and numerical|
Read More: Reliability vs Validity | Examples
1- References provide a list of sources whose text is used in an assignment or research work since they imply referring to someone or something. In contrast, a bibliography is a list of all the sources—whether or not they were cited in the research—from which the study gained something about the topic.
2- While bibliographies are created using both primary and secondary sources, references are based on primary sources.
3- Whether you directly cite something in your research work or not, the bibliography is where you keep track of all the sources you consult to find the information for it. When it comes to references, only those sources that have been cited in the research work are considered.
4- The research work or thesis’s references list might be ordered either alphabetically or numerically. On the other hand, the bibliography’s list of sources is organized numerically.
5- When writing a thesis or dissertation, references are used. Yet, a bibliography is used when writing a journal paper or conducting research.
6- The reason for including a reference at the end of a research paper, is to strengthen a argument. In contrast, the bibliography is not utilized to support a argument.
References and bibliography are nearly identical, with the only minor differences being the items that are included in each. References are primarily used to acknowledge and validate the research work, whilst bibliographies are added to provide the reader with information on the sources relevant to the topic.
Books on Bibliography and Reference
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About References and Bibliography
1- What comes first References or Bibliography?
The platform where the work will be submitted will determine everything. The bibliography typically comes before the references. This is so that a reference only includes the things that you have mentioned and cited in your article. The list of references, as opposed to a bibliography, must specifically list all sources that have been cited and includes all citations. References are also referred to as “Works Cited.” On the other hand, a bibliography is a list of the books or articles that are mentioned in the text along with a concise summary of about 120 words that describes the relevance, quality, and accuracy of the authors.
2- Does a Bibliography include References?
Bibliography is not permitted to include references, but it may include a list of uncited sources that are not necessarily connected to the texts in the document. Sources that have been cited in the text are specifically cited in the references. Nonetheless, bibliographical references for sources that are listed in endnotes or footnotes may be included in a bibliography.